1852-1920. British architect. In 1877 Condor arrived in Japan as an adviser to the Ministry of Engineering and as a teacher for the Imperial College of Engineering (now the University of Tokyo, Faculty of Engineering). He later stayed permanently in Japan and married Kume Maeba. He systematically gave instructions on Western architecture and trained modern architects, including Kingo Tatsuno (designer of Tokyo Station) and Tokuma Katayama (designer of the Akasaka Detached Palace). He also left many notable architectural structures, such as the Tokyo Teishitsu Museum, the Hall of the Baying Stag, and the Nicoli Cathedral. He died in Tokyo at the age of 67.
- Association with Minato City
Foreign architect who settled his roots in Japan and left many beautiful Western-style buildings
Conder arrived in Japan as an architect employed by the Meiji government and is referred to as the father of modern Japanese architecture; he was active in both the designing and teaching of architecture. After working on the Hall of the Baying Stag and the Nicoli Cathedral, he designed many manors for people in business circles. Kantokaku, in Takanawa, was built in 1908 as the home of the second heir to the Mitsubishi conglomerate, Yanosuke Iwasaki, and the Mitsui Club in Tsuna-machi was built in Mita in 1913 for entertaining VIPs of the Mitsui conglomerate. He created two excellent guest palaces for the conglomerates: one designed in the Elizabethan-Renaissance style and the other in the Baroque style with elegant curves and various decorations. Both are closed to the public. During his time with the Ministry of Engineering, he lived in a dormitory in Imai-cho, Azabu, and was so devoted to Japanese culture that he became a student to the famous Ukiyoe artist Kyosai Kawanabe. In his twilight years he spent his time at home in Mikawadai-cho, Azabu, tending his roses. He was a person who loved Japan and who lived for his hobbies.
Nihon Jinmei Daijiten (Japanese Biographical Dictionary) (Kodansha)
Minato-ku Shiseki Sanpo (Historicl Walks of Minato Ward) (Gakuseisha)
Edo-Tokyo: Rekishi no sanpomichi 3 (Edo-Tokyo: Historic Walks 3) (Machi to Kurashisha)
Nihon no Ikebana (English) (Japanese Ikebana) (Kodansha)
Nihon Teien Nyumon (Beginner’s Guide to Japanese Gardens)
Utsukushii Nihon no Ikebana (Beautiful Japanese Floral Arrangements) (Written by Josiah Conder and translated by Kyoko Kudo / Kodansha)
Rokumeikan wo tsukutta otoko - Oyatoi kenchikuka Josiah Conder no shogai (The Man who Built the Hall of the Baying Stag: The Life of the Contract Architect, Josiah Conder) (Kenji Hatakeyama / Kawade Shobo Shinsha)
Rokumeikan no yume - Kenchikuka Conder to Eshi Kyoei (Dream of the Hall of the Baying Stag: The Architect Conder and the Painter Kyoei) (Terunobu Fujimori, Hiroyuki Suzuki / INAX Shuppan)
Meiji Yofu Kyutei Kenchiku (Western Style Palace Architecture of the Meiji Era) (Shigekatsu Onogi / Sagami Shobo)